Risk Assessment of Liquid Ammonia Loading Process at Petrochemical Company Docks

Authors

  • Nindio Mahendra Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Hilda Gloria Natalia Tanggu Hunga Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Putri Dyah Setyorini Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Dhimas Widhi H Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • A.A.B. Dinariyana Dwi P. Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30649/baitaengineering.v1i1.11

Keywords:

Societal Risk Assessment, Amonia Loading Facility, HAZOP, F-N Curve

Abstract

This study addresses a risk assessment at terminal facility of petrochemical company. Hazards are identified using HAZOP (hazard and operability) while the frequency of hazard is conducted by means of fault tree and event tree analysis. The consequence of hazards is analyzed using process hazard analysis tools and risk is represented in F-N curve according to Hongkong Government Risk Guidelines (HKRG). Five leak diameter scenarios were examined resulting that two hazards are potentially occur during the ammonia loading process such as gas dispersion and explosion. According to the result of frequency and consequence analysis, those hazards is laid in ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) region, hence there is no mitigation necessarily to be taken. However, for the safe operation, the company should ensure that the risks will not move to unacceptable region by performing routine maintenance and all safety procedures established by the company were well implemented.

Author Biographies

Nindio Mahendra, Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

 

 

Hilda Gloria Natalia Tanggu Hunga, Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

 

Putri Dyah Setyorini, Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

 

Dhimas Widhi H, Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

 

A.A.B. Dinariyana Dwi P., Department of Marine Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia

 

 

 

References

Akbar, T.A., Dinariyana, A.A.B., and and and Baheramsyah, A., 2018. Risk Assessment on Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Handling Facilities: Case Study: Terminal LPG Semarang. Proceeding Indonesia Malaysia Research Consortium. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember. 21-22 November.

Artana, K.B., Dinariyana, A.A.B., Ariana I Made, Sambodho, K. 2013. Penilaian Risiko Pipa Gas Bawah Laut. Surabaya: Guna Widya.

British Standard. 2001. BS IEC 61882 Hazard and Operability Studies (HAZOP Studies): Application Guide.

Campbell, K., Zimmerman, J. 2018. Five People Taken to Hospital Following Ammonia Leak in Kwinana, (Online), https://www.perthnow.com.au/news/wa/emergency-crews-respond-to-incident-at-kwinana-beach-ng-b88903554z. (Accessed 30 May 2019).

Dedy Wanda Putra. 2019. Penilaian Risiko Sosial pada LPG Production Plant, (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 2019).

Dinariyana, A.A.B., Artana, K.B., Sambodho, K., Ariana, I Made. 2013. Risk Assessment on Subsea Gas Pipeline Located at Jetty Area due to Dredging and Operation After Dredging. Proceedings of the ASME 2013 32nd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering (OMAE2013). Nantes France, 9-14 June.

EIA Report. 2006. Part 3 Section13 - Environmental Protection Department.

Harian Lampung. 2015. Keracunan Gas, Dua Buruh Bongkar Muat Tewas, (Online), http://harianlampung.com/index.php?k=Kawasan&i=16008. (Accessed 30 May 2019).

ICIS News, 2014. LPG Tanker Owner Confirms Ammonia Leak During Loading in Ukraine, (Online), https://www.icis.com/explore/resources/news/2013/10/24/ 9718632/lpg-tanker-owner-confirms-ammonia-leak-during-loading-in-ukraine/. (Accessed 30 May 2019)

Krisna, I.W.G., Artana, K.B., Ariana, I Made, Mirah, L.G. 2018. A Study on Conceptual Design of Mini FSRU as LNG Receiving Terminal Facility, Proceeding Indonesia Malaysia Research Consortium. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 21-22 November.

Kurniasari Setia, R. A. 2009. Keselamatan Kerja pada Pengangkutan Amonia Cair Tangki Silinder di Unit Loading PT Petrokimia Gresik. (Skripsi Sarjana yang tidak dipublikasikan,Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta. 2009).

Mirah, L.G. 2019. Fire Risk Assessment for FRSU Jayapura, (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 2019).

Prajna, N.P. 2019. Fire Risk Assessment in Chemical Loading Process to Ship at PT. Chandra Asri Petrochemical Plant, (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 2019).

Pratiwi, E., Artana, K.B., Dinariyana, A.A.B., Prastyasari, F.I. 2019. Risk Assessment of Subsea Gas Pipeline Due to Port Development Located at Narrow Channel. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 12(1). 137-150. DOI: 10.3923/ajsr.2019.137.150, https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2019.137.150.

Pujianti Wishiastuti, N.L.P. 2019. Penilaian Risiko Instalasi Pipa Gas Bawah Laut Kangean Energy Indonesia: TSB Phase 2, (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 2019)

Setyorini, P.D. 2015. Penilaian Risiko Terhadap Pipa dan Kabel Bawah Laut Akibat Adanya Proses Pemasangan Tie-in Spool dengan Menggunakan Mooring Vessel, (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, 2015)

Setyorini, P.D., Dinariyana, A.A.B. 2018. A Combined AHP and PROMETHEE Method for Selecting the LNG Receiving Terminal with Additional Safety Perspective. 1st Maritime Safety International Conference (MASTIC 2018). Denpasar-Bali 9-11 Juli.

Sintef Industrial Management. 2002. OREDA – Offshore Reliability Data Handbook, 4th Editiion, 2002

Z.Z, L. R. 2016. Candal Produksi Departemen Produksi IIB Petrokimia Gresik. (Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis, Universitas Islam Indonesia, 2016).

abstract

Downloads

Published

2023-07-11

How to Cite

Nindio Mahendra, Hilda Gloria Natalia Tanggu Hunga, Putri Dyah Setyorini, Dhimas Widhi H, & A.A.B. Dinariyana Dwi P. (2023). Risk Assessment of Liquid Ammonia Loading Process at Petrochemical Company Docks. BAITA Engineering: Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, 1(1), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.30649/baitaengineering.v1i1.11

Issue

Section

Articles